From the employment of the french renault ft and british mark v during their involvement in World War I, the United States branched out with its own indigenous designs, including the M1 Cavalry Car and the M2 Light and Medium tanks, the precursors to the Stuart and Grant tanks of World War II. Tank designers in this period faced unique challenges, and the story of early American armor is littered with failures among the successes.
Featuring previously unpublished photos and fully illustrated throughout, Early American Armor 1: Tanks 1916–40 is essential reading for anyone interested in American armor, or in the development of tank design. Between the two world wars, the united states contributed significantly to the evolution of the tank, a weapon invented by the British and the French seeking to break through the lines of German trenches.
. Osprey Publishing UK.
Early US Armor: Armored Cars 1915-40 New Vanguard
In this study, using detailed full color plates and rigorous analysis, US armor expert Steven J. The inter-war years saw considerable innovation and experimentation in armored car design. Of the 1930s scout car designs, the m3a1 scout car was good enough to be produced in very large numbers in World War II, and was widely exported to many other armies via Lend-Lease.
. Zaloga chronicles the development of the US armored car in the years leading up to World War II. It also served as the basis for the late M2 and M3 armored half-tracks. When the united states entered world war i, the American Expeditionary Forces used some armored cars in France, and American armored cars were used by the French Army.
The first american armored cars began to emerge around the turn of the century, seeing their first military use in 1916 during the Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa.
US Flush-Deck Destroyers 1916-45: Caldwell, Wickes, and Clemson classes New Vanguard
They were deployed on north atlantic and Norwegian Sea convoys, and virtually everywhere in the Pacific, from Alaska to Australia. Four pipes and flush decks--these ships were a distinctively American destroyer design. They also served in a variety of roles becoming seaplane tenders, minesweepers, high-speed transports, and minelayers.
One was even used as a self-propelled mine during Operation Chariot, destroying the dry dock at St. Fifty were given to great britain in its hour of need in 1940, and many would serve in other navies, Canadian, fighting under the Soviet, Norwegian, and even the Imperial Japanese flags. Nazaire. Fully illustrated throughout with commissioned artwork and contemporary photographs, this volume reveals the operational history of these US Navy ships that fought with distinction in both World Wars.
Devised immediately prior to and during the United States' involvement in World War I they dominated the US Navy's destroyer forces all the way through to World War II.
Italian Armoured & Reconnaissance Cars 1911-45 New Vanguard
After the war, the army focused on the Alpine battlegrounds of Italy's northern borders, and did not consider armored cars suitable for reconnaissance duties. The first italian armored cars were used in the war in Libya in 1911–12 against the Ottoman Empire. With few tanks being developed during World War I, the Italians relied instead on the development of more mobile armored cars like the Ansaldo Lancia 1 Z.
The result were the famous ab 41-43 models, which fought against the British in North Africa and Marshall Tito's forces in Yugoslavia, along with other vehicles such as the AS 36 light armored car. Using detailed color plates and contemporary photographs, this book examines the development of the Italian armored car in the two world wars and the inter-war years from the deserts of North Africa to the slopes of the Alps.
The experience of the spanish Civil War would provide the much needed last push for the Italians to develop modern armored cars.
Pershing vs Tiger: Germany 1945 Duel
During the final battles on world war ii's western Front, the legendary German Tiger I heavy tank clashed with the brand-new M26 Pershing fielded by the United States. The tiger i had earned a formidable reputation by the end of 1944, although its non-sloped armor and poor mobility meant it was being superseded by the Tiger II or "King Tiger.
While the tiger i had been in the front lines since 1942, the US Pershing first entered combat in late February 1945, and more than 20 Pershings would see action before war's end. This book examines the dramatic tiger/pershing duel at Elsdorf in Germany, and also assesses the clashes between German armor and the sole “Super Pershing” deployed to Europe.
. Osprey. Featuring full-color artwork, carefully chosen photographs, and specially commissioned maps, this is the story of the first US heavy tanks in combat with the fearsome Tiger I during the last months of World War II in Europe.
Maginot Line Gun Turrets: And French gun turret development 1880-1940 New Vanguard
The maginot line was one of the most advanced networks of fortifications in history. Osprey. Built in the aftermath of world war i, and stretching along the French eastern border from Belgium to Switzerland, it was designed to prevent German troops from ever setting foot on French soil again. Its primary defensive weapons were the gun turrets.
They were deadly accurate and created havoc on the German units that attacked the line during their invasion of France in 1940 This fully illustrated study will examine the technical details of the French artillery turrets. Beginning development in the 1870s and improving on German designs, they were constructed out of steel wedges and could revolve and disappear from sight after firing, making them impervious to enemy bombardment.
It will show the evolution of the design of the guns and turrets used in the French forts before and during World War I, then those built exclusively for the Maginot Line to give a comprehensive overview of the weapons designed to protect France from invasion.
Soviet Lend-Lease Tanks of World War II New Vanguard
Osprey. The supplies of british tanks encompassed a very wide range of types including the Matilda, Churchill, and Valentine and even a few Tetrarch airborne tanks. The red army suffered such catastrophic losses of armor in the summer of 1941 that they begged Britain and the United States to send tanks. With these western tanks, the Soviets were finally able to beat back the German tide in the East.
This study examines the different types of tanks shipped to the Soviet Union during the war, and combat accounts of their use in Soviet service using full color artwork, Soviet assessments of their merits and problems, contemporary photographs and detailed cut-away illustrations. American tanks included the m3 stuart light tank and M3 Lee medium tank and the M4 Sherman tank, which became so common in 1944-45 that entire Soviet tank corps were equipped with the type.
Osprey. The first batches arrived in late 1941, just in time to take part in the defense of Moscow.
T-90 Standard Tank: The First Tank of the New Russia New Vanguard
Osprey. The t-90 has become the principal export tank of Russia, India, and is in service in large numbers in many countries including Algeria, and many of the former Soviet republics. Osprey. In the wake of the t-72 tank's poor performance in the 1991 Gulf War, the Kremlin instructed the Russian tank industry to drop the discredited T-72 designation in favor of the T-90 Vladimir.
The t-90 was in fact a further evolution of the T-72 family, but the name change represented an important break in Russian/Soviet tank design history. Using detailed illustrations and full color artwork, molot, this book will also describe the evolution of the T-90s many failed successors including the little known Bokser, and T-95, the new T-14 Armata, as well as its likely successor, and the wide range of specialized vehicles based on the T-90 chassis such as the formidable Terminator tank support vehicle.
US Navy Escort Carriers 1942-45 New Vanguard
In partnership with the royal navy, they provided the backbone of Allied antisubmarine efforts in the Atlantic, finally and irrevocably turning the tide of the war against the U-boats in 1943. In the pacific, they provided the air cover for the series of landings which led to the doorstep of Japan by 1945.
Rather than relying on size or speed, it was their sheer numbers that made them so effective. Indeed, the casablanca-class escort carrier was the most-produced aircraft carrier in history. Osprey. These robust ships faced submarine, and even surface threats from the Japanese, air, but proved able to contend with everything thrown their way.
Fully illustrated with contemporary photographs and unique specially commissioned artwork, this book shines a new light on these unjustly overlooked workhorses of the US Navy--ships that helped usher in the Allied victory over the Axis powers in the Atlantic and Pacific. Osprey. While not as famous as their larger and faster sister ships such as the Essex- and Yorktown-class carriers, escort carriers made an enormous contribution towards Allied victory both in the Pacific and Atlantic theaters.
BT Fast Tank: The Red Army's Cavalry Tank 1931-45 New Vanguard
Osprey. Channeling the american christie high-speed tank, the Red Army began a program to adapt the design to its own needs. Osprey. This is the story of their design and development history. When the red army needed to mechanize its cavalry branch in the 1930s, the BT fast tank was its solution. The final production series, the BT-7, was the most refined version of the family.
Early versions were mechanically unreliable and poorly armed, but by the mid-1930s, the BT-5 emerged, armed with an excellent dual-purpose 45mm gun. It saw its combat debut in the spanish civil War in 1937 and was later used in the border battles with the Japanese Kwantung Army in the late 1930s. One of the most common types in red army service at the beginning of the Second World War, BT tanks saw extensive combat in Poland, Finland, the opening phases of Operation Barbarossa in 1941, and the 1945 campaign against the Japanese in Manchuria.
Panzer 38t vs BT-7: Barbarossa 1941 Duel
This book examines two evenly matched competitors in this conflict, the German Panzer 38t and the Soviet BT-7. Both were of similar size, armed with guns of comparable firepower, and had foreign roots--the Panzer 38t was a Czechoslovak design and the BT-7 was an evolution of the American Christie tank. With full-color artwork and archive and present-day photography, this absorbing study assesses the strengths and limitations of these two types against the wider background of armored doctrine in the opening phases of Operation Barbarossa.
Indeed, they were the largest tank battles ever fought. Osprey. 9781472817136. Osprey. The tank battles in the soviet union during the summer of 1941 were the largest in World War II, exceeding even the more famous Prokhorovka encounter during the Kursk campaign.